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Is Hemp Leaf Extract / Full Spectrum CBD Legal in India? Navigating the Regulatory Landscape


The use of Vijaya, commonly known as hemp or cannabis, has deep-rooted cultural and historical significance in India. It finds its place in religious rituals, culinary delights like bhang lassi and bhang thandai, and traditional medicine systems such as Ayurveda. However, the legality of Vijaya and its derivatives in India is a complex web of regulations that requires careful examination. In this in-depth exploration, we will unravel the legal intricacies surrounding the use of medical Vijaya (hemp) leaf extract in India.

Vijaya in Indian Culture

Vijaya, in its various forms, has been an integral part of Indian culture for centuries. Terms like charas (sap), ganja (flower), and bhang (seeds and leaves) are commonplace, each with its unique role in Indian traditions. Among these, bhang-based beverages, like bhang lassi and bhang thandai, have become iconic for their association with festivals and celebrations.

However, the legal status of Vijaya in India is far from uniform. While certain preparations are culturally accepted and legally sanctioned, others fall under stringent regulations.

The NDPS Act and Vijaya Regulation

The core legal framework governing substances like Vijaya in India is the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985 (NDPS Act). This act explicitly prohibits the recreational use of Vijaya, especially in forms like charas and ganja. Possession, sale, and consumption of these forms can lead to serious legal consequences.

However, it’s important to highlight a critical distinction within the NDPS Act: it does not extend its purview to the leaves and seeds of the Vijaya plant. This legal nuance opens the door to the potential use of Cannabidiol (CBD), one of the primary compounds found in Vijaya leaves.

CBD Extraction from Vijaya Leaves

CBD, or Cannabidiol, is a non-psychoactive component of Vijaya that has gained significant attention for its potential therapeutic properties. When extracted from the leaves of the Vijaya plant in compliance with the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940, full spectrum cannabis extract can be used legally in India. This revelation is a game-changer for the field of Ayurvedic medicine and herbal remedies.

The legal extraction and use of full spectrum cannabis extract derived from Vijaya leaves represent a harmonious convergence of traditional Ayurvedic practices and modern scientific understanding. Ayurveda, the ancient Indian system of medicine, explicitly recognizes the use of Vijaya and Vijaya leaves in the preparation of Ayurvedic medicines.

Ayurveda and Vijaya Leaves

Ayurveda’s endorsement of Vijaya leaves in medicinal formulations signifies a significant milestone. Ayurvedic medicines containing Vijaya or Vijaya leaves as ingredients can be manufactured and distributed, provided they are dispensed under the prescription of a registered medical practitioner.

This acknowledgment by Ayurveda paves the way for a wide range of herbal remedies that incorporate Vijaya for various health conditions. It underscores the traditional wisdom that has recognized the therapeutic potential of Vijaya for centuries.

CBD vs. THC in India

In India, there is currently no clear distinction in the eyes of the law between CBD (Cannabidiol) and THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol), two of the primary compounds found in Vijaya. The Ministry of AYUSH permits the use of Vijaya under medical supervision, encompassing both CBD and THC.

Medical Supervision and Government Support

One critical aspect of Vijaya’s legal use in India is the requirement for medical supervision. Whether it’s CBD or THC, the guidance of qualified medical professionals is paramount to ensure safe and effective usage. This oversight helps individuals receive tailored recommendations and dosage guidelines based on their unique health needs.

The Indian government’s support for the responsible use of Vijaya underscores its commitment to balancing cultural traditions with modern medical understanding. While recreational use remains strictly regulated, the government acknowledges the potential medicinal benefits of Vijaya-derived compounds. This support aligns with the global trend of exploring the therapeutic potential of cannabis.


The legal status of medical Vijaya (hemp) leaf extract in India is a multifaceted issue that necessitates a nuanced understanding of regulations. While recreational use of Vijaya in certain forms remains prohibited under the NDPS Act, its integration into Ayurvedic medicine highlights the evolving landscape of herbal and alternative remedies in India.

As the field of cannabis research continues to advance, it is expected that more precise guidelines and regulations will emerge to ensure the safe and effective use of Vijaya for medicinal purposes. The harmonious coexistence of tradition and modernity in the realm of Vijaya usage represents a promising path forward for holistic healthcare in India.

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